Acne is a disorder resulting from the action of hormones and other substances on the skin’s oil glands (sebaceous glands) and hair follicles. These factors lead to plugged pores and outbreaks of lesions commonly called “pimples”. They usually occur on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders.
People with acne have a variety of lesions. The basic is the comedone, an enlarged and plugged hair follicle. If the comedone stays beneath the skin and produces a white bump, it is called a whitehead. A comedone that reaches the surface of the skin and opens up is called a blackhead because it looks black on the skin’s surface. The black discoloration is due to oxidation of the sebum as it is exposed to air. Both whiteheads and blackheads may stay in the skin for a long time.
Other troublesome acne lesions can develop, including the following:
Causes of Acne
The exact cause of acne is unknown, but it results from several related factors. One important factor is an increase in hormones called androgens (male sex hormones). These increase in both boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy or starting or stopping birth control pills can also cause acne.
Another factor is heredity. Certain drugs, including androgens and lithium, are known to cause acne.
Greasy cosmetics may alter the cells of the follicles and make them stick together, producing a plug.
What are the treatment options for Acne?
Even though various over-the-counter medications are available for the treatment of acne, the recommended treatment relies on skin-type.
Treatment for acne varies from local and oral anti-acne medications, combined with highly advanced combinational uses of LASERs (US-FDA approved), radiofrequency and dermal peels – focusing on eradicating acne, thus leaving behind scar-free skin that you can be proud of.
How does it work?
Advance peels like salicylic peel, lactic peel or glycolic acid help drying-up of sebaceous glands and exfoliation of dead skin, thus preventing the glands from getting clogged. LASERs and radiofrequency modalities deliver energy to the dermis layer, destroying bacteria, tightening loose tissue and trigger collagen-remodeling. Thus results in a clear and healthy skin.
How much time and duration is required for the treatment?