1. Skin Analysis:

The skin analysis system used by us assists in the consultation and helps us formulate a plan just for you. Based on its assessment, skincare regimes and treatment schedules can be decided upon. It also helps us recommend products that suit your skin type.

Some Facts On Skin Analysis System:

Some redness and swelling is expected in the area for a few hours post treatment:

  • It is perfectly SAFE.
  • There is NO discomfort with having a computer-aided skin analysis.
  • It generally takes just a few minutes to complete the procedure.
  • It is helpful to all age groups - Teenagers, Young adults and Older people.
  • It analyzes the skin's tolerance to different therapies like laser, microdermabrasion, gel peels, injectables etc.
  • It can also access sun damage, bacterial load, texture, surface spots, red areas, wrinkles, pores, brown spots.
  • It is not diagnostic or a determinant for treatments but helps in providing an extensive analysis of the patient's complexion and finer variations in the skin condition. This aids the doctor in conducting an enhanced treatment-oriented consultation.

Identifying Various Skin Features With Skin Analysis System:

  • Surface Spots - These spots are typically brown or red skin lesions, including freckles, acne scars, and hyperpigmentation. They are distinguishable by their distinct color and contrast from the background skin tone, they vary in size and shape.
  • UV Spots - Occurs when melanin ( a colour pigment that gives skin color) is accumulated just below the skin surface as a result of sun damage.
  • BrownSpots - These are lesions on and within the deeper layers of the skin such as hyperpigmentation, freckles, Lentigines, and Melasma. They may occur from excessive melanin production ( a pigment that gives the skin color). Brown spots produce an uneven appearance of the skin which gets detected by the computer - aided skin analysis system..
  • Red Areas - These can represent a variety of conditions such as acne, inflammation, Rosacea or spider veins (broken blood vessels).
  • Wrinkles - These are folds or creases in the skin that may increase as a result of sun exposure and are associated with reduced skin elasticity.
  • Texture - This is primarily an analysis of the skin smoothness and skin color by identifying the gradation in color from the surrounding skin tone..
  • Pores - Open Pores on analysis of them helps determine the skin type and thus formulate an ideal skin routine..
  • Bacterial Load - This is the evidence of bacterial load on the skin. .

2. Acne:

Acne is a disorder resulting from the action of hormones and other substances on the skin is oil glands (sebaceous glands) and hair follicles. These factors lead to plugged pores and outbreaks of lesions commonly called pimples. They usually occur on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders.
People with acne have a variety of lesions. The basic is the comedone, an enlarged and plugged hair follicle. If the comedone stays beneath the skin and produces a white bump, it is called a whitehead. A comedone that reaches the surface of the skin and opens up is called a blackhead because it looks black on the skin’s surface. The black discoloration is due to oxidation of the sebum as it is exposed to air. Both whiteheads and blackheads may stay in the skin for a long time.

Other troublesome acne lesions can develop, including the following:

  • Papules inflamed lesions that usually appear as small, pink bumps on the skin and can be tender to the touch.
  • Pustules (pimples) papules topped by white or yellow pus-filled lesions that may be red at the base.
  • Nodules large, painful, solid lesions that are lodged deep within the skin.
  • Cysts deep, painful, pus-filled lesions that can cause scarring.
How does it work?

Advance peels like salicylic peel, lactic peel or glycolic acid help drying-up of sebaceous glands and exfoliation of dead skin, thus preventing the glands from getting clogged. LASERs and radiofrequency modalities deliver energy to the dermis layer, destroying bacteria, tightening loose tissue and trigger collagen-remodeling. Thus results in a clear and healthy skin.


How much time and duration is required for the treatment?

  • 1. Time required for each session: Dermal peels -- approximately 15 minutes for the entire procedure. Depending on the type of skin, LASERs may require 20-30 minutes for treatment.
  • 2. Total duration of treatment: Combination of 4 LASERs and 4 Peels are required for best results, which can be a 3-month course. Maintenance sessions may be required, which can be done once in 3 months..
  • 3. Time interval between sessions: The gap between two sessions of peel and LASER can be 10-15 days, depending on the severity of the skin challenge and the skin type.

Causes of Acne The exact cause of acne is unknown, but it results from several related factors. One important factor is an increase in hormones called androgens (male sex hormones). These increase in both boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy or starting or stopping birth control pills can also cause acne.
Another factor is heredity. Certain drugs, including androgens and lithium, are known to cause acne.
Greasy cosmetics may alter the cells of the follicles and make them stick together, producing a plug.
What are the treatment options for Acne? Even though various over-the-counter medications are available for the treatment of acne, the recommended treatment relies on skin-type.
Treatment for acne varies from local and oral anti-acne medications, combined with highly advanced combinational uses of LASERs (US-FDA approved), radiofrequency and dermal peels focusing on eradicating acne, thus leaving behind scar-free skin that you can be proud of.

3. Melasma:

Melasma is a common pigmentation disorder that causes brown or gray patches to appear on the skin, primarily on the face.


It may be due to the malfunction of the melanocytes (the color-making cells) in the skin, causing them to produce too much color. As a result, people with darker skin tones are more likely to develop melasma, as they have more melanocytes than people with lighter skin. Potential triggers for melasma include:

  • changes in hormones during pregnancy (chloasma), hormone treatment, or while taking birth control pills
  • sun exposure
  • certain skin care products, if they irritate a person's skin

Apart from changes in appearance, melasma does not cause any physical symptoms.
The primary symptom of melasma is the development of discolored patches of skin. While it does not cause any other physical symptoms, some people find the appearance of these patches bothersome.
The most common area for patches of melasma to appear is the face. Common locations include the upper lips, bridge of the nose, cheeks, and forehead.
Less commonly, a person may also have patches on their arms and neck.

Treatment Medical procedures

If topical medications do not work, a dermatologist may recommend procedures such as:

  • microdermabrasion
  • chemical peel
  • laser Treatment
  • Light Therapy
  • Dermabrasion

If a person has had melasma before, they can try to avoid triggers by:

  • limiting sun exposure
  • wearing a hat when outside
  • using sunscreen

4. Dark Circles:

Dark Circles often tend to age the appearance of a person more than the wrinkles or gray hair. The skin around the eye is very delicate. Various factors ranging from allergies to mental stress can easily affect this part of the skin to produce DarkCircles. Dark circles develop due to the pigmentation of skin in the orbital area. Many people believe that only ageing is the cause of dark circles.
Although Dark Circles are very common among people, the good news is that they are temporary and not a medical concern unless they are hereditary. Dark circles or black circles under the eyes are rarely caused by temporary circumstances and are more difficult to treat than bags under the eyes.
They are often the result of some combination of the following: lack of sleep, chronic stress, menstrual disorders, pregnancy, poor diet and medications. For others, dark circles are a hereditary trait. People who suffer from allergies and sensitivities often have a bigger problem with dark circles as well.

Cause of Dark Circles

Dark circles develop due to the pigmentation of skin in the orbital area. Many people believe that only ageing is the cause of dark circles. But they are also caused due to other reasons such as:

  • Allergies: Dark circles under the eyes can be the result of allergies to airborne substances, such as pollen, dust, and pet dander, because of persistent eye rubbing
  • Medications: Certain medications and also liver and kidney problems could cause dark circles under the eyes. Anemia: Iron deficiency, Anemia may cause a bluish tinge below the eyes.
  • Malnourishment: Lack of a balanced diet is a common cause of dark circles. A healthy and nutritious diet rich in Vitamins A, C, K, E and nutrients can help to get rid of dark circles.
  • Exposure to sun: Too much exposure to sun weakens the thin skin around the eye area causing dark circles. Heredity: Dark circles under the eyes run in families. They tend to be more noticeable in people with fair skin or deep-set eyes.
  • Ageing: The skin under the eyes is thin and delicate to begin with. As we age, the skin and the fat pad under the eyes becomes thinner, causing blood vessels to become noticeable. This thins and relaxes the skin around the eyes and gives the appearance of dark circles. Sun damage can make it worse because it weakens the skin.
  • Lack of sleep: A lack of sleep can make skin appear more pale, which allows blood vessels to be more visible through the skin, giving the appearance of bluish or dark circles.
  • Dehydration: Dark circles under the eyes can be a sign of dehydration. Be sure to drink enough water.

dark circle
Dark Circle Treatment Summary

In this service, Nd YAG laser and RF skin tightening are used which help to reduce the pigmentation in the under eye area as well as helps with tightening of the skin. This is followed by infusion of Glutathione or Vitamin C, an antioxidant that refreshes and lightens the skin further. The other alternative for more severe pigmentation can be laser treatment with Vit. C infusion. For optimum results 4 to 6 sessions are advised at 15-day intervals These are the various treatments available for open pores.

5. Open Pores:

Open pores can refer to large pores on the skin or even certain types of acne. In an effort to achieve perfect skin, many people try to get rid of their pores. Pores are a natural part of the skin donot go completely but can go away. Open pores can be a real problem for many people. They can sometimes be visible and can be unattractive. A Large pores are noticeable to the naked eye. The size is common in both oily and combination skin because of excess oil production from sebaceous glands. These glands are located beneath the skins surface. Such an openness in the pores can also increase acne problems. Blackheads, a common skin complaint, form into plugs at the opening of your pores. The term open pores can lead to misconceptions about the size of your pores. The size ultimately depends on the activity level of the sebaceous glands, and not on your beauty habits. Also, while blackheads might make your pores look bigger, the pores won't shrink if you remove the plugs.

Cause of Open Pores

Most often, genetics determine who will have large pores. Other causes for large pores can be oily skin, since excess oil sits around the skins pores, making them appear enlarged. A Oily and unclean skin can also cause oils to settle around the pores, making them appear larger as the skin around them thickens.
Skin thickens from sun damage and aging as cells build up around pore openings. A Ironically, rather than hiding skin imperfections, makeup can actually cause pores to appear enlarged, especially when it’s not properly washed off. It can also settle in and around pores to highlight instead of hide them. But mostly, cosmetics can be a magnet for dirt and oils, causing large pores to, quite literally, shine.
Blackheads may not cause large pores, but they are an undesirable result of them, a result of dirt settling into large pores and given their dark color being especially easy to spot on the skin.

Open Pores Treatment Summary

Below are some of the common solutions that are effective in the management of open pores. For those whom the problem seems serious may have to resort to dermatological treatments for relief. And remember, there as no one time cure for the problem:

  • Home Care: One of the most common, and often effective, ways to deal with enlarged pores is to use a salicylic acid based face wash regularly.
  • Chemical Peels: Regular chemical peels like TCA (tricloroacetic acid), Salicylic acid and Vitamin A peels,with peels the skin becomes smoother and the appearance of open pores is dulled.
  • Mesotherapy: Here tiny amounts of vitamins, antioxidants, minerals are injected directly into the facial skin, using very thin micro needles. The results are visible in 3 days after the procedure and the open pores decrease by 70 - 80%. The results last between 2 - 3 months and then the session is repeated. This method has one of the highest success rates for treating open pores.
  • Microneedling: This is a technique in which the face of the skin is rolled with very small needles- stimulating an injury. In response, the skin stimulates collagen production that reduces the size of the pores. 4-6 sittings of micro needling, at 4-6 weeks intervals are quite effective. The skin is numbed using an anaesthetic cream prior to the procedure. The skin remains red for 1 - 2 days post procedure.
  • Radio Frequency: This procedure can shrink open pores quickly. The smaller pores are barely visible after the treatment, and the larger ones are less obvious. Repeated sessions, at fortnightly to monthly intervals are required for improved and sustained results. The results are temporary and last for a fortnight to a month.
  • Lasers: The fractional lasers or frasel are the latest in treating open pores and helps in pore reduction. They are very effective with less downtime. 4 - 6 sessions are required on a monthly basis depending on the severity of the pores. The results achieved are permanent. This is the latest technique presently available.

6. Moles/Warts/Keloids/Skin Tags:

A mole (nevus) is a pigmented (colored) spot on the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Moles are one thing that is common to all humans. Every person has moles, maybe 1, maybe 40. Moles are not a cause for concern unless they develop certain signs like: Itching / Increase in size / Change of colour. In fact they are considered to be a beauty spot by many, especially on the face area. Some even consider this to be a sign of good luck and prosperity.
Moles can appear anywhere on the skin. They are of different shapes and sizes. Moles are usually brown to black in colour due to pigment melanin. Sometimes moles can be skin coloured. Moles are pre-determined at birth. They develop usually in the first 20 years of life and over the years due to sun exposure they can increase in numbers and darken in colour. Moles can be round, oval, flat, or raised. They can occur singly or in clusters on any part of the body. Most moles are brown, but colors can range from pinkish flesh tones to yellow, dark blue, or black..
A wart is a hardened, bumpy, or rough piece of skin that grows faster than normal. Warts are caused by infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV). Most warts are harmless, but the virus that causes warts is contagious and can be spread by direct contact with others. Warts may develop anywhere on the body, including the bottom of the feet, palm of the hands, fingers, and genitals. Warts are typically brown or flesh-coloured, although genital warts may also appear pink or red.
A skin tag is a small flap of tissue that hangs off the skin by a connecting stalk.Skin tags are not dangerous. They are usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under thebreasts, or in the groin area. Skin tags appear most often in women, especially with weight gain, and in elderly people. Skin tags usually don't cause any pain. However, they can become irritated if anything, such as clothing or jewelry, rubs them.
A keloid, sometimes referred to as a keloid scar, is a tough heaped-up scar that rises quite abruptly above the rest of the skin. It usually has a smooth top and a pink or purple color.Keloids are irregularly shaped and tend to enlarge progressively. Unlike scars, keloids do not regress over time.

Cause of Moles/Warts/Keloids/Skin Tags

Moles occur when cells in the skin grow in a cluster instead of being spread throughout the skin. These cells are called melanocytes, and they make the pigment that gives skin its natural color. Moles may darken after exposure to the sun, during the teen years, and during pregnancy.
Common warts are actually an infection in the top layer of skin, caused by viruses in the human papillomavirus, or HPV, family. When the virus invades this outer layer of skin, usually through a tiny scratch, it causes rapid growth of cells on the outer layer of skin - creating the wart.

Keloids can develop from most types of skin injuries, including:
  • Surgical cuts.
  • Acne and chickenpox blemishes or scars.
  • Burns
  • Body or ear piercings.
  • Vaccination shots.

Skin tags are more common among people with diabetes as well as people who are overweight or obese - conditions that often go together. The friction created by skin rubbing against skin, a side effect of being overweight, is what causes skin tags in certain people, and explains why skin tags often grow in body folds.

Treatment Summary

Moles can be removed by:

  • Cutting / Excision. With this method, moles are treated with a local anesthetic and the mole is cut out along with a small area of the surrounding skin with a scalpel or surgical scissors.
  • Shave removal: Some skin moles can be shaved down with a scalpel. The area will be numbed with a local anesthetic beforehand and usually only a small pink mark will be left.
  • Freezing: Moles that are non-cancerous and have not grown to the deeper layers of skin can be frozen off using liquid nitrogen. This may leave a small blister on the skin but is a relatively simple outpatient procedure.
  • Laser Removal: Smaller, non-cancerous moles that do not protrude above the surface of the skin may also be removed with a laser treatment. This treatment uses intense bursts of light radiation to break down the mole cells in the skin. This method usually takes two or three treatments to remove the mole completely.
  • Radio Frequency: This procedure can shrink open pores quickly. The smaller pores are barely visible after the treatment, and the larger ones are less obvious. Repeated sessions, at fortnightly to monthly intervals are required for improved and sustained results. The results are temporary and last for a fortnight to a month.
  • Preventing moles: After a mole-removal treatment, a person can still go out in the sun and live their life normally; however, it is advised to wear proper sun protection (i.e. hats, protective clothing, SPF) to prevent moles from forming in the future and to prevent removed moles from returning.

The skin tags can be removed in following ways:

  • Cutting it off.
  • Freezing it with liquid nitrogen.
  • Burning it off with an electric current.

7. Skin Pigmentation:

Freckles are small brown spots usually found on the face and arms. Freckles are extremely common and are not a health threat. They are more often seen in the summer, especially among light-skinned people and people with light or red hair. Freckles are natural and not harmful. Even though some people with freckles don't like them and want to get rid of them, they're certainly not a sign of any health problems.
Freckles are just skin cells that contain a pigment (color) called "melanin" Melanin is a chemical made by skin cells called "Melanocytes" Melanin helps to protect the skin from the Sun's harmful ultraviolet rays by reflecting or absorbing them. Freckles are triggered by exposure to sunlight.
Sunspots are spots on the skin that are darker than your natural skin tone. Essentially, sunspots are skin damage caused by exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun. The sunspots usually appear in areas regularly exposed to sunlight like the face, hands, shoulders, and arms. Sunspots (also known as liver spots) are those little dark spots that can often be mistaken for freckles.

Freckles/Sun Spots Treatment Summary
  • Mesotherapy treatment
  • chemical peel
  • Derma roller treatment
  • Whitening injections - Glutathione injections can be injected in the patches and they cause whitening of the area of pigmentation
  • lasers- q switch nd:yag laser for spot pigmentation removal

8. Stretch Marks:

Stretch marks are a common problem faced by both men and women. They can appear post weight loss/gain and are often suffered by women post pregnancy. Some skin types are more susceptible to stretch marks than others and for some patients the marks can be quite noticeable. However the latest technologies available offer a ray of hope.

Cause of Stretch Marks

The skin is the body's largest organ and has the remarkable ability to expand and contract as needed. The skin is strong and elastic, but its supporting tissues can be damaged if they are stretched too far or too quickly. Stretch marks were considered to be the most difficult to treat skin problem.

  • Laser Resurfacing - CO2 and 1064 ND Yag Laser
  • Platelet Rich Plasma ( prp therapy)
  • Fillers
  • Topical Medications.

Stretch mark prevention measures may include
  • Avoiding excessive weight gain.
  • Eating a well balanced healthy diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins and minerals; drinking enough water and exercising regularly can help.
  • Moisturising the skin regularly.
  • Avoiding steroid medications

9. Skin Tan Removal:

Tanning is a common skin problem that all individuals face and think that they have to live with it especially if they reside in tropical regions of the world. However, this is not true, and there are options to help remove the pigmentation issues you face with ease. Go ahead and read the article to find out safe and effective methods to ban the tan.

What Is Tanning?

Tanning is the process of an increase in the skin pigment called melanin due to sun exposure. While tanning can also be a result of artificial skin tanning services, through the use of a tanning lamp found in tanning beds, the major cause of tanning is excessive exposure to sunlight. It causes the darkening of the skin on exposed areas majorly on the face, arms, hands, legs, feet, back, and neck.

How Does Tanning Happen?

The solar spectrum consists of several wavelengths of which ultraviolet radiation is important to cause skin effects. UV radiation has three wavelengths UVA, UVB and UVC. UVB rays burn the skin while UVA rays darken the skin and cause photo ageing. When UVA rays penetrate the layers of the skin, they stimulate the melanocytes to produce excess melanin, which further darkens due to oxidation and causes tanning. They also cause damage to collagen.

  • Laser Resurfacing - CO2 and 1064 ND Yag Laser
  • Platelet Rich Plasma ( prp therapy)
  • Fillers
  • Topical Medications.

Sun Tan Removal Treatments:
  • Microdermabrasion - This is also an exfoliating treatment, which is effective in removing the tan and dead skin cells.
  • Chemical Peels - These peels help exfoliate and rejuvenate skin cells. Peels with different concentration strengths help to treat dark and tanned skin by removing the superficial dead skin layers that have excessive melanin.
  • Laser toning - This treatment uses a laser device with Q-switch Nd yag laser to break down the pigment and reduce tan, sun spots, etc.

How To Prevent Sun Tanning?

Here are some of the preventive measures that one should follow to avoid skin tanning:

  • Apply sunscreen lotion SPF 50 every 3 hourly.
  • Avoid going outdoors during peak hours of sunlight.
  • Wear clothes to protect your skin against tanning.
  • Use a broad-brimmed hat, sunglasses, stoles, etc., when you are out in the sun.

Procedural treatments such as laser toning, chemical peels, etc. not only remove the tan but will also rejuvenate, lighten, improve, and make your skin smooth and glowing.

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